[The following article was published June 1, 2012, in The Christian Science Monitor, then republished on Yahoo News.]
After a number of setbacks, with disputed elections leading to civil war, the African kingdom of Lesotho holds an election that boots the incumbent. A coalition government is in the works.
By Michael J. Jordan, Correspondent / June 1, 2012
Some Basotho outside Maseru say they waited up to three hours to vote. (Photo: mjj)
MASERU, Lesotho – Lesotho – the tiny mountain kingdom surrounded by South Africa, with the best (ok, only) skiing in Africa, and one of the world’s highest HIV infection rates – is getting recognition for something else: carrying out a peaceful election with a likely transfer of power.
After elections held this week, a majority of Basotho voters turned against the 14-year rule of Prime Minister Pakalitha Mosisili, expressing frustration with empty promises. With no party enjoying a convincing majority, five opposition parties this week cobbled together Lesotho’s first-ever coalition government and claim at least 61 seats of the 120-member parliament – with an ex-foreign minister, Tom Thabane, tabbed as the new premier.
With its straightforward process and absence of violence thus far, Lesotho gives a lesson in democracy that many other African countries — such as Mali, Guinea-Bissau, Cote D’Ivoire, Kenya, and even nearby Madagascar, Zimbabwe, and South Africa could learn to emulate, political observers say.
“If a sitting government actually leaves office gracefully, this will be a first for southern Africa,” says Nqosa Mahao, a coalition-government expert at South Africa’s University of the Witwatersrand, who advised the major parties here prior to the May 26 elections. “It will put Lesotho on the map for its democratic credentials – and set a tone for the rest of the region.”
Setbacks in African elections — notably the four-month civil war in Cote D’Ivoire in 2010, after the losing President Laurent Gbagbo refused to step down — have recently raised questions about whether democratic culture is actually taking root on the continent. Far too many elections feature heavy vote-rigging, intimidation, and sporadic bouts of violence, rendering the final vote count questionable in the eyes of election observers. Yet the election results in Lesotho shows that some African countries can hold world-class elections, even in a country with plenty of excuses for failure, including poverty and rugged terrain.
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Posted in "Christian Science Monitor", Photography, United Nations, Dictatorship, Democracy, Africa, Lesotho, South Africa, HIV/AIDS | Tagged European Union, Violence, Poverty, Maseru, Basotho, Mountain Kingdom, Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, South African Invasion 1998, Pakalitha Mosisili, Tom Thabane, University of the Witwatersrand, Coalition Government, Compromise, Power-Sharing, Laurent Gbagbo, Hans Duynhouwer, Bakili Muluzi, Malawi, Elections, Vote Fraud, Electricity, British Protectorate, Thaba Bosiu, Skiing, Nqosa Mahao | 2 Comments »
[The following article appeared April 30, 2012, in The Christian Science Monitor. It was republished on Yahoo News, and posted May 22 on The Mantle.]
Political violence has flared ahead of May 26 Lesotho elections, but Archbishop Desmond Tutu urges candidates to keep the peace and respect election results.
By Michael J. Jordan, Correspondent, Christian Science Monitor
Bishop Tutu exhorts Basotho politicians to keep the peace. But will they listen? (Photo: mjj)
MASERU, Lesotho – Archbishop Desmond Tutu, the legendary anti-Apartheid activist and Nobel laureate, is officially retired from public life.
But he made an exception Friday for the tiny mountain kingdom of Lesotho.
Political violence in the enclave encircled by South Africa has flared up ahead of May 26 elections – an ominous sign in what one analyst calls the latest “stress test” for democracy in sub-Saharan Africa. Cracks have emerged here with high-profile assassinations, rumors of a “hit squad,” and clashes at campaign rallies.
So the United Nations invited Archbishop Tutu to bolster democracy in the land, where, before launching his crusade against Apartheid next door, he served his first bishopric from 1976-78. On Friday, his “prayer meeting” extracted a pledge among political rivals to keep the peace and respect election results.
Citing the past political violence of South Africa, Tutu urged an audience that included the prime minister of Lesotho, “Please, please, please, please do not let the same happen to this stunningly beautiful land. Nothing can be so precious that it can be bought with innocent lives.”
Lesotho’s election is more than a contested vote in a remote country rarely heard from. It comes on the heels of successful elections across the continent: Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, and Zambia have recently all experienced peaceful elections. There have been a few notable blemishes: a couple of coups des états in Mali and Guinea-Bissau, and a contested election in Cote D’Ivoire in late 2010 that briefly turned into a civil war.
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Posted in "Christian Science Monitor", "Mantle", Africa, Democracy, HIV/AIDS, Lesotho, Photography, South Africa, United Nations | Tagged Ahunna Eziakonwa-Onochie, Ambassador Michele Bond, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Basotho Nation, Basotho Tribe, Bishop Tutu, Brookings Institution, Khotso, Lesotho Association of Journalists, Malnutrition, Marafaele Mokhoboli, Michele Thoren Bond, Mountain Kingdom, Nala, Nobel Laureate, Nobel Peace Prize, Pakalitha Mosisili, Peace, Prosperity, Pula, Rain, Sesotho Language, Sesotho-Speaking Basotho, South African Invasion 1998, Sub-Saharan Africa, Thabang Moliko | 5 Comments »
MASERU, Lesotho – I’ve fallen for Lesotho, that part is obvious. But you know what a miserable day looks like around here?
It’s the last Friday of the month: payday in a country of 2 million where an estimated 40 percent live beneath the international poverty line. It’s also raining meerkats and jackals upon a drought-struck land where a survivalist mountain tribe – the Sesotho-speaking Basotho – claim as a national mantra, “Khotso, Pula, Nala.” A simple request for Peace, Rain, Prosperity.
Today, at least they’re getting the rain. But it’s so torrential, I’m sure some misfortunate families are eyewitness to their precious maize crops – the thrice-a-day staple of their diet – slowly washing away. (The World Food Program is already here, helping to feed tens of thousands of families.)
I just rolled into the Pioneer Mall – just about the only place in Maseru where you can seek refuge from the rain with hot coffee or tea. And a modicum of atmosphere. Yet there’s an enormous line of working stiffs, stretched out to the middle atrium, nice and orderly. They’re wet. And unlike their jolly selves.
These are the Basotho proletariat, waiting their turn to withdraw from the ATM. But this line seems much longer than normal. As I motor past, on my way to the loo, I ask the security guard what’s up. He produces one of those irresistible Basotho smiles, and without a trace of sympathy, declares, “The machine just ran out of money!”
So these poor shlubs sense no other alternative than to just stand there – for who knows how long. Now that is a lousy day.
(As I sit here, relaxed, sipping my hot espresso…)
Posted in "From East to East", "Postcard", Africa, Bulgaria, HIV/AIDS, Lesotho, Media Missionary of Maseru, Postcards | 4 Comments »
[The following post was published March 30, 2012, on The Mantle.]
MASERU, Lesotho – The email arrived on the eve of a journalism workshop I’d lead at Kick4Life, an NGO that promotes sport and HIV awareness in a country with the world’s third-highest rate of HIV infection.
Lesotho blends beauty with bleakness. (Photo: mjj)
The three-session workshop would be for the newly formed Writing Club, where young Basotho explore their first-hand HIV experiences with pen and paper.
No one here, it seems, is unaffected by HIV. My task would be to teach them a bit about third-person feature writing – to give voice to the voiceless. (For my dispatch on the workshop itself, watch this space in the near future.)
The email, then, was a collection of their vignettes, names withheld, for me to get a sense of what I’d be working with. The first few pieces start slowly, but they begin to bite harder and harder. Themes emerge: beer, sexual aggression, low self-esteem, risky behavior, HIV.
One teen apparently admit to rape. Another tells of a friend impregnated by her father. A third describes an HIV-induced suicide.
Taken together, they paint a striking portrait of life today for young Basotho. That’s why I’ve posted them below, unedited …
Though I always visited my girlfriend time and again, that her mother was pregnant I was not aware.
After giving birth, she openly told me she was HIV positive. Hospital officials told her after giving birth. She was so disappointed, lonely and felt alone.
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Posted in "From East to East", Africa, HIV/AIDS, Journalism, Lesotho, Media Missionary of Maseru, South Africa, Teaching, Writing | Tagged Alcohol, Basotho Youth, Beer, Curtis Gardner, Daniela Gusman, HIV Infection, HIV-Positive, Kick4Life, Leila Hall, Low Self-Esteem, Multiple Concurrent Partners, Soccer, Sport, Young Basotho | Leave a Comment »
[The following piece was published March 20, 2012, on The Mantle.]
MASERU, Lesotho – Last week was one filled with nostalgia and melancholy.
Li Yu survived the Wenzhou train crash. (Photo: mjj)
From my new base in Lesotho, three other adopted homes – Hungary, Slovakia and China, all dear to my heart – each resurfaced in the news with depressingly familiar story-lines. From thousands of miles away, they reminded me of past reporting – and how little changes.
First up, Slovakia, where I recently lived for five years. One of its historic, hilltop castles burns to the ground – apparently caused by two kids, 11 and 12, messing with cigarettes on a windy day. From an adjacent village, they accidentally set fire to some dry grass, whose embers floated upward, igniting the castle’s timber roof.
Poof! In minutes, a gothic, seven-century-old memento, gone.
The Slovak and Czech reaction? Gypsies! It must’ve been those damned Gypsies! More than a rush to judgment, it was a virtual blood-libel against Europe’s largest and most marginalized minority, known more respectfully as Roma. Over the years, I’ve chronicled countless times [like here, here and here] how post-Communist Central Europe always finds something to blame on the Roma. (Even if there’s no love lost in Slovakia for castles that are essentially relics of Hungarian overlordship, while Slovaks toiled as serfs.)
This fire came on the heels of public outrage over a galling corruption scandal, followed by an election that ousted the ruling coalition. If a beaten child has no recourse toward his parents, he turns to kick the dog. Especially in a region saddled by congenital resistance to introspection, which much prefers to point the finger of blame elsewhere.
Though in this case, soul-searching is well warranted, as a Slovakian art historian asserted. The brushfire threat around the castle always existed, he charged, and state authorities were negligent to protect and preserve it.
“It is forbidden to burn grass and it is certainly wrong to do so, but it is just as sick to put the blame on ‘unidentified perpetrators’ who are allegedly members of a minority in the interest of distracting attention from one’s own responsibility,” said the art-historian, Július Barczi.
Next in the news, China.
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Posted in "From East to East", "Mantle", Central Europe, China, Democracy, Eastern Europe, European Union, Gypsy, Hong Kong, Hungary, Lesotho, Minorities, Photography, Roma, Romani, Slovakia | Tagged 1848 Revolutions, 1956 Hungarian Revolution, Arab Spring, Brussels, China's Ministry of Railways, Ethnic Hatred, European Commission, Fidesz, Gorilla Scandal, Habsburg Monarchy, High-Speed Train, Július Barczi, Jose Manuel Barroso, Klub Radio, Mitteleuropa, Orban Viktor, Red Sludge, Robert Fico, Scapegoating, Soviet Union, Toxic Spill, Vienna, Viktor Orban, Weibo, Wenzhou Train Crash | 2 Comments »
A view that warrants the two-hour trek. (Photo: mjj)
SEMONKONG, Lesotho — It took three hours of driving through the majestic, almost monotonously majestic, mountains of Lesotho, including the last 90 minutes bumping along unpaved roads. Oh, was it worth it.
Semonkong — Sesotho for “The Place of Smoke” – is best known for the Maletsunyane Falls, which at 192 meters is one of the tallest waterfalls in Africa. But more striking is the unspoilt landscape — and authenticity of Basotho village life. I was tempted to toss a Coke can to the ground, just to remind me of home.
This is no ethnographic-museum gimmick. The Basotho are a mountain folk, yesterday and today. From a nation of 2 million – perched as The Kingdom in the Sky – just one-tenth live in the capital, Maseru, as my neighbors. So it’s no exaggeration to say most Basotho live like those you’ll glimpse below. A simple life, but one filled with hardship: HIV, poverty and malnutrition.
Hope you enjoy viewing my photos as much as I enjoyed taking them.
Basotho cowboys, home on the range -- adorned in the ubiquitous "Basotho Blanket." (Photo: mjj)
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Posted in "Postcard", Lesotho, Photography, Postcards | Tagged Basotho Blanket, Basotho Photos, HIV, Lesotho Fauna and Flora, Lesotho Photos, Maletsunyane Falls, Malnutrition, Mosotho Photos, Photos of a Mosotho, Photos of Basotho, Photos of Lesotho, Poverty, Rondeval, Semonkong Falls, Semonkong Lodge, Semonkong Photos, Spiral Aloe, Waterfall | 11 Comments »
[The following post was published Feb. 24, 2012, on The Mantle. Octavia Spencer of The Help went on to win the Oscar for Best Supporting Actress.]
MASERU, Lesotho – Living overseas, I sometimes fall out of touch with the latest “buzz” within American culture. Like which Hollywood sleepers are garnering acclaim from the critics.
The indispensable Mé Anna, after I made her giggle. (Photo: mjj)
So it was that I was flying Frankfurt-to-New York in late December, on my way to spend the holidays with my family, when I found myself with hours to kill and a seemingly lame slate of movies.
I’d only settled in Africa one month earlier, and my mind was swirling with the new sensations of life in the remote backwater of Lesotho. Beyond the culture shock of living in Africa itself, in one of its poorest countries, surrounded by razor-wire-lined walls, was the startling realization we now had “a staff” inherited from my wife’s predecessor at her international-development organization.
The staff was drawn from the local Basotho tribe: a full-time housekeeper, a part-time cook, a part-time gardener-slash-Mr.-Fix-It and round-the-clock crew of security guards. As a humble freelance journalist and journalism teacher, I guiltily embraced this neo-colonialist existence. That is, until I learned how grateful our employees were just to have a job – and a decent-paying one at that.
On the flight, I wanted to unwind, watching mindless action or comedy. A flick called “The Help,” about some women in 1960s, Civil Rights-era Mississippi didn’t fit the bill. Yet for some reason, I tried it.
The parallels of blacks-serving-whites were immediate and unmistakable. With the film set to add several Oscars on Sunday to its haul of awards and accolades, U.S. audiences may view it as merely a work of historical fiction.
For us, though, this racial dynamic is the reality in 2012 for hundreds of expatriate families in Lesotho. Not to mention the countless white families in surrounding South Africa, where the specter of Apartheid surely hovers over that power relationship, just two decades later.
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Posted in "Mantle", "Postcard", Africa, HIV/AIDS, Lesotho, Parenting, Photography, Postcards, South Africa | Tagged "The Help", Academy Awards, Basotho Babysitters, Basotho Housekeepers, Basotho Maids, Basotho Nannies, Basotho Women, Civil Rights-Era, Freelance Journalist, Hollywood, Mé Anna, Mé Violet, Mosotho Babysitter, Mosotho Housekeeper, Mosotho Maid, Mosotho Nanny, Mosotho Woman, Neo-Colonialist, Octavia Spencer, Oscars, Photos of Basotho, Photos of Mosotho, Sesotho Language, Viola Davis | 6 Comments »
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